The basic government and society in Europe during the middle ages was based around the feudal system. Small communities were formed around the local lord and the manor. The lord owned the land and everything in it. He would keep the peasants safe in return for their service. The lord, in return, would provide the king with soldiers or taxes.
Homework: Class Handout on Feudalism.. If you missed a class please see me to get the handout. Know the feudal pyramid! We will compare it with Japan’s Feudal System next day.